New Delhi: With Karnataka throwing up a hung assembly, all eyes are now set on Raj Bhavan and the decision Governor Vajubhai Vala takes regarding government formation in the state during the next few days. With BJP emerging as the single largest party with 104 seats, it is short of the magic figure of 112 seats needed to form the government, Constitutional norms say that the Governor has to call the political grouping having the largest number of legislators with it and give it time to form the government. The Congress has emerged as the second largest party with 78 seats in the 224 member assembly and former Prime Minister H D Deve Gowda's JD(S) is the third largest party with 38 seats.
Going by the principles and procedures though, Mr Vala has the following options before him regarding the political impasse in Karnataka. As per the Sarkaria Commission recommendations, which were affirmed by a Constitution Bench of the Supreme Court in Rameshwar Prasad v Union of India in 2005, the governor can invite an alliance of parties that was formed prior to the elections.
Secondly the governor can invite the single largest party which stakes a claim to form the government with the support of others, including independents. Thirdly the governor can invite a post-electoral coalition of parties, with all the partners in the coalition joining the government.
And lastly the governor can invite a post-electoral alliance of parties.
Note from Kannada.Club :
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